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What is Hydroponic Gardening?
Hydroponic gardening is simply growing plants in water. It is easier than growing in soil in several ways.
With hydroponic gardening, the plants grow in water instead of soil. Nutrients can be tailored to the specific plants being grown. The nutrients are added directly to the water in the system and the plants easily uptake those nutrients through their roots. The result is saved energy which translates into increased growth, yield and higher quality fruits or flowers. The growth rate on a hydroponic plant is 30-50 percent faster than a soil plant, grown under the same conditions.
Pests and Disease:
Hydroponic plants have fewer problems with bug infestations, fungus and disease. Due to lack of necessity, fewer or no pesticides are used on hydroponic crops. Since this type of system uses no topsoil, topsoil erosion isn’t even an issue either. With fewer growing challenges it is easier to keep female plants from becoming hermaphrodites.
Easier to control temperature:
With water as the growing media it is easier to control marijuana plants temperature. This allows for up to 24 hour lighting during the vegetative growth cycle while protecting the root zone from overheating. Lighting is typically switched to 12 hours to trigger the flowering stage of many cannabis plants. The water in our hydro system, again maintains ideal temperature for the growing plants.
Uses less Water:
Hydroponic gardening offers benefits to the environment as it uses less water than soil gardening. Also, the water flushed from the system is still nutrient rich and great for your outdoor gardens. This is especially important for states like California where a drought may cause water usage restrictions. The use of an air pump and air stone to a standard deep water culture system provides oxygen to the plants roots. This is similar to how aeroponics systems work. This oxygenated water allows the plants to uptake the nutrient solutions more effectively.
Plants are typically started in a Rockwool cube and then transferred into a net cup that is filled with clay pebbles. The clay pebbles offer some support along with the net cup itself. Additionally, the clay pebbles help to maintain moisture and block out light that could harm the roots. It is a far better grow medium than due to its cleanliness, ease of use and lack of harmful pests and weeds.
In general, plants grown using hydroponics are healthier and happier. They are also easier to maintain. In most cases, the people enjoying those hydroponic plants are themselves healthier and happier. So, have you planted a seed today?